U.S. State & Local Legislation MT CO UT OR NV CA AZ TX OK NE MN MO IL WI AR GA SC NC MI KY IN NH ME OH PA MA CT WV MD VT NJ NY RI

The following states and municipalities have ewaste recycling and collection laws and/or electronic disposal bans. Most states and municipalities have Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) laws, which place the responsibility for collection and disposal of electronic products at "End-of-Life" (EOL) upon manufacturers.

Currently, California is the only state with Advanced Recycling Fee (ARF) laws. ARF programs require consumers to pay an extra fee during the purchase of electronic products to cover the expense of managing a recycling program. See the Californians Against Waste website for further information.


Below is a state comparison list, with links to state environmental departments, passed and proposed bills, dates of bill passing and date of enactment, as well as a description of which electronics are covered under each ewaste and disposal law.

Download the Chart

State Waste Law Bill Number Passed On Takes Effect
TV
CRT
Desktops
Laptops
Monitors
Peripherals
Printers
Fax Machines
Cell Phone
PDAs
MP3s
Video Game Consoles

VCR/CD/ DVD Players

Arizona
(AZ)

PROPOSED
Ewaste -
Jan. 1, 2011
Disposal Ban -
Jan. 1, 2013
Ewaste
-
-
-
Disposal Ban Mar. 18, 2005
Jan. 1, 2008
Ewaste 2004 July 1, 2004
Disposal Ban Aug. 2001
2002/ 2006
Ewaste - - -
Disposal Ban HB 09-1282 Jul. 1, 2009 - Creates an Electronic Device Recycling Task Force to study the benefits and effects of an ewaste disposal ban and make recommendations; by Dec. 15, 2009
Ewaste HB 7249/ Act 07-189 and Title 22a, Ch. 446n Jul. 6, 2007 Jun. , 2010
Disposal Ban HB 7249/ Act 07-189 Jul. 6, 2007 Jan. 1, 2011
Ewaste Senate Resolution 83 - - Senate Study Committee on Green Information Technology to study Georgia’s ewaste and make recommendations; by Dec. 15, 2009
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste SB 2843 Jul. 2008 Jan. 1, 2010
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste Public Act 095-0959/SB 2313 Sep. 2008 Jan. 1, 2010
Disposal Ban Public Act 095-0959/SB 2313 Sep. 2008 Jan. 1, 2012  
Ewaste HB 1589 Jul. 2009 Apr. 1, 2010
Disposal Ban HB 1589 Jul. 2009 Jan. 1, 2011
Kentucky
(KY)

PROPOSED
Ewaste SB 160 (BR 1276)
PROPOSED
- Jan. 1, 2011
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste Title 38, §1610 2009 Jan. 1, 2010
Disposal Ban Chapter 38, §1306 2006 Apr. 1, 2000
Ewaste HB 488 Oct. 2007 Jan. 1, 2008
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste HB 4374, Chapter 210
PROPOSED
- Jan. 1, 2011
Disposal Ban 310 CMR 19.017 - Apr. 1, 2000
Ewaste SB 897 Dec. 2008 Apr. 1, 2010
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste HF 854 May 2007 Sep. 1, 2007
Disposal Ban Statute 115A.9565 2003 Jul. 1, 2006
Ewaste SB 720 Jul. 1, 2009
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste - - -
Disposal Ban HB 555 Apr. 2007 - Establishes a public education program for household hazardous waste recycling
Nebraska
(NE)

PROPOSED
Ewaste LB 644
PROPOSED
- Jan 31, 2011
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste AB 426 Jul. 1, 2009 - Bill to conduct an ewaste and disposal study of Nevada and surrounding states, and will make recommendations before Jul. 7, 2011
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste   - -
Disposal Ban HB 338 and HB 1455 May 24, 2006 Jun. 22, 2009
Ewaste A3343 and A3572 2008 Jan. 2, 2010
Disposal Ban AB 3572 Jun. 15, 2008 Jan. 1, 2010
Ewaste SJM 11 Feb. 2, 2008 Created a task force to study New Mexico’s ewaste and make recommendations by Dec. 1, 2008
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste NYC Law 13 and NYC 21 April 1, 2008 Jul. 1, 2009
Disposal Ban NYC Law 13 April 1, 2008 Jul. 1, 2009
Ewaste 2006, Ch. 730
Sept. 13, 2006 Jan. 1, 2007              
     
A 11308/S 7988, Title 27
May 27, 2010 Apr. 1, 2011 TVs CRT computer laptop monitors peripherals printers Fax Machine        
Disposal Ban A 11308/S 7988, Title 27
May 27, 2010 Apr. 1, 2012 TVs CRT computer laptop monitors peripherals printers Fax Machine      
Ewaste S1492 and H819 v.5 2007/ 2008 Jan. 2010
Disposal Ban S1492, Sec. 15 Aug. 31, 2007 Jan. 1, 2012
Ohio
(OH)

PROPOSED
Ewaste HB 447
PROPOSED
Apr. 1, 2011
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste SB 1631 May 2008 Jan. 1, 2009
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste HB 2626 Jun. 7, 2007 Jan. 1, 2009
Disposal Ban HB 2626, Sec.15 Jun. 7, 2007 Jan. 1, 2010
Ewaste HB 708
TV PC laptop monitor
Disposal Ban HB 708
TV PC laptop monitor
Ewaste HB 7880 and SB 2631 Jun. 2008 Jan. 1, 2009
Disposal Ban SB 2631 Jul. 2006 Jul. 2008
Ewaste
HB4093
May 19, 2010
Jul.1, 2011


Disposal Ban HB 4093 May 19, 2010 Jul. 1, 2011
Ewaste 80(R) HB 2714 2007 Sep. 1, 2008
Disposal Ban - - -
Utah
(UT)

PROPOSED
Ewaste HB 153, Pt. 13
PROPOSED
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste S 77 Apr. 2010 Jan. 1, 2011
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste HB 344, Ch. 541 2007 Jan. 1, 2009
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste SB 6428 Jul. 2006 Jan. 1, 2009    
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste SB 746 Sub.1 Apr. 2008 Jan. 1, 2009    
Disposal Ban - - -
Ewaste SB 107 Oct.l 2009 Sep.1, 2010  
Disposal Ban - - -

Summaries and Comparisons

The Electronics TakeBack Coalition (ETBC) provides a Brief Comparison of State Laws on Electronics Recycling, which includes the dates the laws were signed; scope of products covered; whether free recycling is offered and to whom; who pays for recycling; whether the legislation includes language on toxics; collection goals; whether the law includes a ban on the use of prison labor; whether a disposal ban is included; and a link to the text of the bill or law.

ETBC also provides a Scope of Products Covered in E-Waste Laws table for easy comparison of states. This table also includes laws outside the United States of America.

ETBC has compiled a chart comparing volumes of e-waste collected in CA, ME, MN, OR and WA.

U.S. State & Local Laws Related to Other Electronics Life-cycle Stages or Not Specifically Related to Disposal

Cell phone kill switches: The following states have passed legislation requiring "kill switches" to be incorporated into cell phones sold within their boundaries. A kill switch is a means to render the device inoperable if stolen, the idea being that such a function would reduce the rising problem of cell phone theft. Pressure for such legislation has occurred in response to rising violence associated with incidents of cell phone theft. For more information on the issue in general, and on activity at the federal level, see the SEI U.S. Federal Legislation page.

  • Minnesota became the first state in the nation to pass kill switch legislation in May 2014. SF 1740 will go into effect on July 1, 2015. "Any new smart phone manufactured on or after July 1, 2015, sold or purchased in Minnesota must be equipped with preloaded antitheft functionality or be capable of downloading that functionality. The functionality must be available to purchasers at no cost." See this 5/15/14 article by Niraj Chokshi in the Washington Post for more information.
  • California became the second state to pass such legislation, on August 25, 2014. SB 962 will also go into effect on July 1, 2015, but unlike the Minnesota legislation, it will require disabling featutres to be installed and enabled by default on new smartphones sold within the state, although consumers may disable or opt-out of the "technological solution." And although this legislation is being called "kill switch" legislation in media coverage, if read carefully the law states "The technological solution shall be reversible, so that if an authorized user obtains possession of the smartphone after the essential features of the smartphone have been rendered inoperable, the operation of those essential features can be restored by an authorized user." Thus the "technological solution" in this case will NOT render devices completely useless except as fodder for recycling; it allows for potential human error and for the reuse of stolen devices reclaimed by the proper authorities. See this 8/25/14 article by Martyn Williams for PCWorld for more information.

Pending State & Local Legislation

Proposed Amendment to IL House Bill 4042, filed 11/12/14: This proposed amendment would increase recycling goals so that manufacturers would be required to recycle 100% (up from 50%) of the total weight of covered electronic devices sold in Illinois during the calendar year two years prior to the applicable program year. It would also prevent local governments acting as collectors from being charged a fee by registered refurbishers or recyclers to recycle or refurbish covered and eligible electronic devices, unless they are provided either a financial incentive (such as a coupon of equal or greater value than the fee being charged) or a premium service (such as curbside collection, home pick up, or similar method of collection), the latter being more applicable for local governments. Electronics recycling is already free for individual consumers in IL, under these same conditions. This legislation was introduced by Representative Emily McAsey, in response to the fact that during 2014, nearly all electronics manufacturers met their pre-established quotas for pound of electronics to recycle before the end of the year, resulting in cancellation of public collection events, reduced electronics recycling availability to IL citizens, and challenges to local governments trying to facilitate electronics recycling. As noted in an article in the Herald-News (Future of Will County Electronics Recycling Program in Jeopardy, Director Warns, 11/12/14), Illinois's electronics legislation was meant to fully pay for residential electronics recycling, but is failing to meet statewide demand as e-waste increases each year. Once manufacturers meet their weight goals under the legislation, they no longer have to pay recycling contractors to process items. This has lead to recyclers asking local governments to foot the bill for electronics recycling, which is currently allowed under state law, but which would result in large, unbudgeted additional costs to those government entities.

If you would like to suggest laws or policies not mentioned above for inclusion on this page, please contact Joy Scrogum .